Recommendations by: Fernando Valladares. Instituto de Recursos Naturales CSIC - Centro de Ciencias Medioambientales, Madrid. Spain.
Galvez, D., and R. W. Pearcy. 2001. Changes in crown morphology of Psychotria limonensis: implications for daily carbon gain and light interception. Oecologia 135:22–29.
Kawamura, K., and H. Takeda. 2002. Light environment and crown architecture of two temperate Vaccinum species: inherent growth rules versus degree of plasticity in light response. Canadian Journal of Botany 80:1063-1077.
Niklas, K. J., and V. Kerchner. 1984. Mechanical and photosynthetic constraints on the evolution of plant shape. Paleobiology 10:79-101.
Niklas, K. J. 2000. The evolution of plant body plans - A biomechanical perspective. Annals of Botany 85:411-438.
Pearcy, R. W., H. Muraoka, and F. Valladares. 2005. Crown architecture in sun and shade environments: assessing function and tradeoffs with a 3-D simulation model. New Phytologist 166:791–800.
Rowe, N., and T. Speck. 2005. Plant growth forms: an ecological and evolutionary perspective. New Phytologist 166:61-72.Valladares, F., and D. Brittes. 2004. Leaf phyllotaxis: does it really affect light capture? Plant Ecology 174:11-17
Books and Book chapters
Bell, A. D. 1993. Plant form. Oxford University Press, New York.
Niklas, K. J. 1992. Plant biomechanics: an engineering approach to plant form and function. Chicago University Press, Chicago.
Remphrey, W. R., and P. Prusinkiewicz. 1997. Quantification and modelling of tree architecture. Pages 45-52 in M. T. Michalewicz, editor. Plants to Ecosystems. Advances in computational life sciences. CSIRO, Collingwood, Australia.
Valladares, F. 1999. Architecture, ecology and evolution of plant crowns. Pages 121-194 in F. I. Pugnaire and F. Valladares, editors. Handbook of functional plant ecology. Marcel Dekker, New York.